“There was no doubt that this poor man was mad, but there is something in the madness of this man which interests me more than the sanity of Lord Byron or Walter Scott.”
—Wordsworth, regarding William Blake
Some famous Romantic poets include: Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Sir Walter Scott, Robert Burns, Joanna Baillie, William Blake, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Clare, Anna Laetitia Barbauld, Charlotte Smith, Lord Byron, William Wordsworth, John Keats, and both Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Robert Browning. And many more!
Other notable American poets of the 19th Century include: Walt Whitman, Edgar Allen Poe, and the Transcendentalists David Henry Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson.
Famous poets include the group known as the Fireside Poets, who wrote poems intended for common folk. They were from New England and generally held liberal and abolitionist views, particularly Whittier. They include: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, John Greenleaf Whittier, James Russell Lowell, Oliver Wendell Holmes and William Cullen Bryant and Lucy Larcom.
Phillis Wheatley who, despite being sold into slavery at age seven, displayed such brilliance that she was educated by the liberal Boston family who owned her, and became a published and well-regarded poet. She met, and impressed George Washington. Other 19th Century African American poets include: Henrietta Cordelia Ray, Pricilla Jane Thompson, Mary E Tucker, Maggie Pogue Johnson, James Madison Bell, Alfred Islay Walden, Elymas Payson Rogers and Lawrence Paul Dunbar.
Both Tennyson and Scott wrote epic poems that look back to the literature of medieval romance, from which the Romantic era gets its name: Tennyson’s Idylls of the King is an epic poem about the knights of Camelot. Scott’s The Lady of the Lake is about Scotland’s own past historical kings. Each of these two works neatly weaves the connection from classical epic poetry to medieval romance to Romantic poetry. Edmund Spenser had done this earlier in The Fairie Queen, as an example of medieval romance revival in the Renaissance.
Spain, France and Germany all have celebrated Romantic poets as well: August Wilhelm Schlegel and his brother, Friederich Schlegel in Germany; Baudelaire and Rimbaud in France; and in Spain, Manuel Jose Quintana, Jose Zorilla, Gustavo Adolfo Bequer, Rosalia de Castro, Jose de Espronceda, and Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra.
Follow the Links to Odes and Other Poems:
Walt Whitman,When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d
William Wordsworth, Ode:Intimation of Immortality
Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ode to the West Wind
John Keats, Ode to Autumn
John Keats, Ode to a Nightingale
John Keats, Ode on Melancholy